AP® teachers know the roots of AP® success are established in the earlier grades. That is the idea behind Foundations of Language & Literature, a complete program for 9th Grade Pre-AP® that establishes foundational skills, while challenging bright young minds.
The book is driven by the expertise of Renée Shea, John Golden, and Tracy Scholz who know that skills like reading, writing, and working with sources need careful development and constant reinforcement. This genre and mode-based book approaches the course in new ways, investigating nonfiction as well as literature, delving into fascinating argument-driven thematic units, and asking students to write in the genres, to empower them to read like a writer.
Innovative, challenging, and nurturing, Foundations of Language & Literature has all the support young minds need to be prepared for AP® success.
With the publication of Foundations of Language and Literature, BFW now offers a unified program of Pre-AP® and AP® English textbooks from grades 9 through 12, that guides students from introduction to mastery with a consistent tone and treatment of key AP® topics.
Table of Contents
1 STARTING THE CONVERSATION
Building a Classroom Community
Thinking about Voice
The Power of the Pen
Voice and Tone
Precise Word Choice
Reading for Understanding
Reading for Interpretation
Reading for Style
Reading Visual Texts
4 USING SOURCES
Sources as Conversation
Types of Sources
Keeping Track of Sources
Using Sources in Your Own Writing
Workshop 1: ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF FICTION
(Section 1) Ray Bradbury, The Veldt
Sherman Alexie, from The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-time Indian
Lena Coakley, Mirror Image
(Section 2) Etgar Keret, What, of This Goldfish, Would You Wish?
Edgar Allen Poe, The Cask of Amontillado
Richard Connell, The Most Dangerous Game
Angela Flournoy, Lelah
CENTRAL TEXT Amy Tan, Two Kinds
CONVERSATION – Are We Pushing Kids too Hard to Succeed?
Malcolm Gladwell, from Outliers
Amy Chua, from The Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother
Adam Grant, How to Raise a Creative Child
Daniel Pink, from Drive
Andre Agassi, from Open
(Section 3) Nadine Gordimer, Once Upon a Time
Kirstin Valdez Quade, Nemecia
Kate Chopin, Story of an Hour
Luke Jones & Anna Mill, Square Eyes (graphic novel)
WORKSHOP 2: WRITING FICTION
WORKSHOP 3: ANALYZING FICTION
ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF ARGUMENT
(Section 1) Lisa L. Lewis, Why School Should Start Later in the Day
NY Times Editorial Board, End the Gun Epidemic in America
Thomas Sowell, History Shows the Folly of Disarming Lawful People
Marc Bekoff, Why Was Harambe the Gorilla in a Zoo in the First Place?
(Section 2) Steve Almond, Is It Immoral to Watch the Super Bowl?
Ta-Nehisi Coates, The Paranoid Style of American Policing
Tina Rosenberg, Labeling the Danger in Soda
Leonard Pitts, September 13, 2001: Hatred is Unworthy of Us
Barack Obama, Hiroshima Speech
CENTRAL TEXT Peggy Orenstein, What’s Wrong with Cinderella?
CONVERSATION – How Does the Media Shape Our Ideas about Gender?
Madeline Messer, I'm a 12-year-old girl. Why dont the characters in my apps look like me?
Terryn Hall, When I Saw Prince, I Saw a Vital New Black Masculinity
Vanessa Friedman, Don’t Ban Ads of Skinny Models
Geena Davis Institute, Gender Bias Without Borders
Kali Holloway, Toxic Masculinity Is Killing Men: The Roots of Male Trauma
Jack O’Keefe, How ‘Master of None’ Subverts Stereotypical Masculinity by Totally Ignoring It
(Section 3) Daniel Engber, Kill All the Mosquitoes
Sarah Kessler, Why Online Harassment Is Still Ruining Lives—and How We Can Stop It
Mark Twain, Advice to Youth
Cesar Chavez, Letter from Delano
WORKSHOP 1: WRITING ARGUMENT
WORKSHOP 2: ANALYZING ARGUMENT
ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF POETRY
(Section 1) Jose Olivarez, Home Court
Edgar Allan Poe, The Raven
Suheir Hammad, What I Will
Rachel Richardson, Transmission
Dana Gioa, Money
Billy Collins, Flames
Jenni Baker, You American Boy AND Find Your Way
(Section 2) Nate Marshall, Harold’s Chicken Shack #86
Naomi Shihab Nye, Kindness
Michael Ondaatje, Sweet Like A Crow
William Shakespeare, Sonnet 18: “Shall I Compare Thee…”
Gwendolyn Brooks, We Real Cool
David Tomas Martinez, In Chicano Park
Emily Dickinson, Because I Could Not Stop For Death
Amit Majmudar, T. S. A.
Ha Jin, Ways of Talking
CENTRAL TEXT Langston Hughes, Let America Be America Again
CONVERSATION – What Does the Statue of Liberty Mean to Us Now?
Emma Lazarus, The New Colossus
Concord Oral History Program, Remembrances for the 100th Anniversary of the Statue of Liberty
Tato Laviera, lady liberty
Suji Kwock Kim, Slant
jessica Care moore, Black Statue of Liberty
Michael Daly, The Statue of Liberty was Muslim
(Section 3) Nikki Giovanni, Ego-Tripping
Anna Akhmatova, Somwhere there is a simple life
Reed Bobroff, Four Elements of Ghostdance
Adrienne Su, Things Chinese
Kevin Young, Eddie Priest's Barbershop & Notary
John Keats, Ode on a Grecian Urn
Walt Whitman, from Song of Myself
WORKSHOP 1: WRITING POETRY
WORKSHOP 2: ANALYZING POETRY
ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF EXPOSITION
(Text Set 1) Stephen King, Stephen King's Guide to Movie Snacks
Derf Backderf, from Trashed (graphic essay)
Lisa Damour, Why Teenage Girls Roll their Eyes
Raph Koster, from A Theory of Fun for Game Design
(Section 2) Alan Weisman, Earth Without People
Karl Greenfeld, My Daughter's Homework is Killing Me
Susan Cain, from Quiet: The Power of Introverts in a World that Can’t Stop Talking
Martin Luther King Jr., Blueprint for Life
CENTRAL TEXT Troy Patterson, The Politics of the Hoodie
CONVERSATION – How Does Clothing Connect to Identity?
Kehinde Wiley, Willem van Heythuysen AND Ice-T (paintings)
Nora Caplan-Bricker, Women Who Wear Pants: Somehow Still Controversial
Michelle Parrinello-Cason, Labels, Clothing, and Identity: Are You What You Wear?
Hugh Hart, From Converse to Kanye: The Rise of Sneaker Culture
Jenni Avins, In Fashion, Cultural Appropriation Is Either Very Wrong or Very Right
Peggy Orenstein, The Battle Over Dress Codes
(Section 3) Jon Ronson, How One Stupid Tweet Blew Up Justine Sacco's Life
Rebecca Solnit, from Men Explain Things to Me
Helen Rosner, On Chicken Tenders
Edwidge Danticat, Black Bodies in Motion and Pain
Samuel Johnson, On the Decay of Friendship
WORKSHOP 1: WRITING AN EXPOSITION
WORKSHOP 2: ANALYZING EXPOSITION
ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF NARRATION
(Section 1) Santha Rama Rau, By Any Other Name
Mindy Kaling, from Why Is Everyone Hanging Out Without Me?
Marcus Samuelsson, Yes, Chef
(Section 2) Carrie Brownstein, from Hunger Makes me a Modern Girl
Monique Truong, My Father's Previous Life
Steven Hall, You, Me, and the Sea
Sarah Vowell, Music Lessons
CENTRAL TEXT Julia Alvarez, La Gringuita
CONVERSATION – What Is the Relationship Between Language and Power?
Jimmy Santiago Baca, from Coming into Language
Richard Wright, from Black Boy
Joshua Adams, Confessions of a Code Switcher
Douglas Quenqua, They're, Like, Way Ahead of the Linguistic Currrrve
Jessica Wolf, The Seven Words I Cannot Say (Around My Children)
(Section 3) Amanda Palmer, from The Art of Asking
Thi Bui, from The Best We Could Do (graphic memoir)
Haruki Murakami, Even if I Had a Long Pony Tail Back Then
WORKSHOP 1: WRITING NARRATIVE
WORKSHOP 2: ANALYZING NARRATIVE
ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF DRAMA
(Section 1) Sylvia Gonzales S., from Boxcar
(Section 2) CENTRAL TEXT WillIiam Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet
CONVERSATION – Does Tribalism Bring Us Together, or Pull Us Apart?
Adam Piore, Why We're Patriotic
David Brooks, People Like Us
Beverly Daniel Tatum, Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria?
Diane Farr, Bringing Home the Wrong Race
David Ropiek, Sports, Politics, Tribe, Violence, and the Social Human Animal's Drive to Survive
(Section 3) B. T. Ryback, A Roz by Any Other Name
WORKSHOP 1: WRITING DRAMA
WORKSHOP 2: ANALYZING DRAMA
ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF MYTHOLOGY
(Section 1) Neil Gaiman, How the Gods Got Their Treasures
(Section 2) CENTRAL TEXT Homer, from The Odyssey
CONVERSATION – What Is a Hero?
Linton Weeks, Heroic Acts to Protect the Word "Hero"
Katy Waldman, Is Anybody Watching My Do-Gooding?
William Rhoden, Seeing Through the Illusion of the Sports Hero
Stephen Kinzer, Joining the Military Doesn't Make You a Hero
Kyle Anderson, Why Captain America Is America’s Hero
(Section 3) Yusef Komunyaka, from Gilgamesh: A Verse Play
WORKSHOP 1: WRITING MYTHOLOGY
WORKSHOP 2: ANALYZING MYTHOLOGY
• Sentence fragments
• Run-on sentences and comma splices (w/semicolons)
• Verbs (tense and voice, but not mood?)
• Subject-Verb agreement
• Pronoun reference
• Pronoun-antecedent agreement
• Adjectives and adverbs
• Shifts in tense
• Shifts in person
• Misplaced and dangling modifiers
• Parallel structure
• Capital letters
MLA Guidelines for Works Cited
Glossary/Glossario of Academic and Literary Terms
Index (key terms + author/title)