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First EditionAllan Greer©2000
As a 73-volume library, the original The Jesuit Relations has long been inaccessible to undergraduate students. Vitally important, the writings of seventeenth-century French Jesuits in Native North America tell the story of early American encounters. This new edition deftly binds them into a thematically arranged, 35-document sampler with a detailed introduction that provides background on these missionaries, the Indians, and their cohabitation in early North America. Colorful journal entries by such fathers as Paul LeJeune, Jean de Brébeuf, Isaac Jogues, and Jacques Marquette describe the Huron, Algonquin, Iroquois, and Montagnais peoples. Eleven images, two maps, a chronology, a bibliography, and questions for consideration supplement these firsthand accounts.
Table of Contents
Foreword Preface LIST OF MAPS AND ILLUSTRATIONS Introduction: Native North America and the French Jesuits The Society of Jesus in Europe and Abroad Iroquoians and Algonquians The Colonization of New France The Canadian Missions The Jesuit Relations and Their Readers Confronting the Other: The Problem of Cultural and Historical Difference 1. Montagnais Hunters of the Northern Woodlands Paul Le Jeune Winters with Mestigoit’s Band, 1633-1634 Paul Le Jeune, Journal [of a Winter Hunt], 1634 Paul Le Jeune, On Their Hunting and Fishing, 1634 The Montagnais Described Paul Le Jeune, On the Beliefs, Superstitions, and Errors of the Montagnais Indians, 1634 Paul Le Jeune, On the Good Things Which Are Found among the Indians, 1634 How to Settle Disputes and Discipline Children Paul Le Jeune, What Occurred in New France in the Year 1633, 1633 2. Jean de Brébeuf on the Hurons Language Jean de Brébeuf, Of the Language of the Hurons, 1636 Religion, Myth, and Ritual Jean de Brébeuf, What the Hurons Think about Their Origin, 1636 Jean de Brébeuf, That the Hurons Recognize Some Divinity; Of Their Superstitions and of Their Faith in Dreams, 1636 Jean de Brébeuf, Concerning Feasts, Dances…and What They Call Ononharoia, 1636 Law and Government Jean de Brébeuf, Of the Polity of the Hurons and of Their Government, 1636 Jean de Brébeuf, Of the Order the Hurons Observe in Their Councils, 1636 The Huron Feast of the Dead Jean de Brébeuf, Of the Solemn Feast of the Dead, 1636 3. Disease and Medicine Huron Medical Practices Jean de Brébeuf, [Cure by Lacrosse], 1636 Jérôme Lalemant, [Cure by Gambling], 1639 Jérôme Lalemant, [Satisfying the Soul’s Desires], 1639 The Influenza Epidemic of 1637 François Le Mercier, The Malady with Which Our Little Household Has Been Afflicted, 1637 François Le Mercier, The Help We Have Given to the Sick of Our Village, 1637 François Le Mercier, Ossossané Afflicted with the Contagion, 1637 François Le Mercier, Of the Hurons Baptized this Year, 1638, 1638 Smallpox among the Hurons, 1639 Jérôme Lalemant, Of the Persecutions Excited against Us, 1640 A Medical Duel: Father Allouez and the Potawotamis Claude Allouez, Of the Mission to the Potawotamis, 1666-1667 4. Diplomacy and War Peace Negotiations at Three Rivers, 1645 Barthélemy Vimont, Treaty of Peace between the French, Iroquois, and Other Nations, 1644-1645 Iroquois Attacks on the Algonquians, 1647 Jérôme Lalemant, Some Iroquois Surprised after Defeating the Algonquians; A Woman Kills an Iroquois and Escapes, 1647 The Hurons Annihilated, 1649 Paul Ragueneau, Of the Capture of the Villages of the Mission of St. Ignace, in the Month of March of the Year 1649, 1648-1649 5. Writings on the Natural Environment Montagnais Explanations of a Solar Eclipse Paul Le Jeune, Of Their Customs and Their Belief, 1637 The Moral Qualities of Animals Jérôme Lalemant, Various Matters, 1647-1648 Earthquakes, Comets, and Other Prophetic Signs Jérôme Lalemant, Three Suns and Other Aerial Phenomena Which Appeared in New France, 1662-1663 Jérôme Lalemant, Universal Earthquake in Canada and Its Marvelous Effects, 1662-1663 François Le Mercier, Of the Comets and Extraordinary Signs That Have Appeared at Quebec and in Its Vicinity, Nature as a Storehouse of Resources François Le Mercier, Of the Condition of Canada over the Last Two Years, 1666-1667 6. Missions to the Iroquois Mission to the Mohawk Country, 1667 François Le Mercier, Of the Mission of Ste. Marie among the Mohawk Iroquois, 1667-1668 The Mohawks Converted Jean Pierron, Of the Mission of the Martyrs in the Country of the Mohawks, or the Lower Iroquois, 1669-1670 The Iroquois Mission of Sault St. Louis/Kahnawake Claude Chauchetière, Letter of October 14, 1682, 1682 7. Martyrs and Mystics The Ordeal of Isaac Jogues Jérôme Lalemant, How Father Isaac Jogues Was Taken by the Iroquois, and What He Suffered on His First Entrance into Their Country, 1647 A Native Saint P.F.X. de Charlevoix, Catherine Tegahkouita: An Iroquois Virgin, 1744 8. Exploring the Mississippi Jacques Marquette, On the First Voyage by Father Marquette toward New Mexico and How the Idea Was Conceived, 1674 APPENDICES Chronology of Events Related to the Jesuit Relations (1534-1773) Questions for Consideration Selected Bibliography Index