Second EditionMargaret C. Jacob©2017
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An examination of one of history’s most pivotal movements.
In an unusually diverse collection, Margaret Jacob presents the eighteenth-century movement known as the Enlightenment that forever changed the political, religious, and educational landscape of the day. Selections by some of the period’s most important thinkers include pieces by Locke, Rousseau, Mary Wortley Montagu, and Denis Diderot. New additions to the document collection include excerpts from Peter Bayle’s Historical and Critical Dictionary as well as The Indiscreet Jewels, Diderot’s novel set in the Congo but clearly aimed at the French court. Jacob covers the movement’s lengthy evolution in a comprehensive introduction, which establishes the issues central to understanding the documents and provides important background on the political and social debates of the period. All documents are preceded by headnotes, and the volume includes a chronology, map, illustrations, and an updated bibliography and index.
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Table of Contents
Maps and Illustrations
Introduction: The Struggle to Create a New Culture
Scientific and Religious Origins
The Public Sphere
Reworking Seventeenth-Century Formal Philosophy
A Clandestine Universe
A Protestant Odyssey
The International Republican Conversation, 1775–1800
Slavery, Imperialism, and the French Revolution
The Legacy of the Enlightenment
1. Order and Disorder in Church and State Depicted
2. John Locke, Some Thoughts concerning Education, 1693
3. Peter Bayle, Historical and Critical Dictionary, 1697
4. Treatise of the Three Impostors, 1719
5. Voltaire, Letters concerning the English Nation, 1733
6. Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, Letters, 1716–1718
7. Denis Diderot, Encyclopedia, 1751
8. Denis Diderot, The Indiscreet Jewels, 1748
9. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, The Social Contract, 1762
10. Immanuel Kant, What Is Enlightenment? 1784
An Enlightenment Chronology (1685–1800)
Questions for Consideration