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Psychology in Modules
Twelfth EditionDavid G. Myers; C. Nathan DeWall©2018
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In this version of Psychology, Twelfth Edition, David Myers and Nathan DeWall break down the new edition's 16 chapters into 53 modules, assignable in any sequence and brief enough to be read in one sitting. It’s a format favored by a wide range of students and instructors, one that’s supported by substantial research showing that students working with shorter reading assignments develop a deeper understanding of the material.
The new edition of Modules includes the same new features and content of Psychology, Twelfth Edition, including hundreds of new citations and new infographics, And like Psychology, Twelfth Edition is more than ever a fully integrated text/media learning package, with the modular edition’s LaunchPad now featuring dozens of new Concept Practice activities.
New Media Option
Achieve Read & Practice combines a complete eBook with LearningCurve adaptive quizzing. For more, see New to this Edition.
Table of Contents
Student Preface: Time Management—Or, How to Be a Great Student and Still Have a Life
The Story of Psychology
Module 1, What Is Psychology?
Thinking Critically About: The Scientific Attitude
Psychological Science Is Born
Psychological Science Develops
Improve Your Retention—and Your Grades
Thinking Critically With Psychological Science
Module 2, Research Strategies: How Psychologists Ask and Answer Questions
The Need for Psychological Science
The Scientific Method
Thinking Critically About: Correlation and Causation
Psychology’s Research Ethics
Module 3, Statistical Reasoning in Everyday Life
The Biology of Mind
Module 4, Neural and Hormonal Systems
The Brain: A Work in Progress
The Nervous System
The Endocrine System
Module 5, Tools of Discovery and Older Brain Structures
The Tools of Discovery: Having Our Head Examined
Older Brain Structures
Module 6, The Cerebral Cortex, Plasticity, and Our Divided Brain
The Cerebral Cortex
Thinking Critically About: Using More Than 10 Percent of Our Brain
The Power of Plasticity: Responding to Damage
Our Divided Brain
Consciousness and the Two-Track Mind
Module 7, Basic Consciousness Concepts
Dual Processing: The Two Track Mind
Module 8, Sleep and Dreams
Biological Rhythms and Sleep
Why Do We Sleep?
Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders
Module 9, Drugs and Consciousness
Tolerance and Addictive Behaviors
Thinking Critically About: Tolerance and Addiction
Types of Psychoactive Drugs
Influences on Drug Use
Nature, Nurture, and Human Diversity
Module 10, Behavior Genetics: Predicting Individual Differences
Genes: Our Codes for Life
Twin and Adoption Studies
Temperament and Heredity
Module 11, Evolutionary Psychology: Understanding Human Nature
Natural Selection and Adaptation
Evolutionary Success Helps Explain Similarities
An Evolutionary Explanation of Human Sexuality
Module 12, Culture, Gender, and Other Environmental Influences
How Does Experience Influence Development?
Thinking Critically About: Gender Bias in the Workplace
Reflections on Nature, Nurture, and Their Interaction
Developing Through the Life Span
Module 13, Developmental Issues, Prenatal Development, and the Newborn
Developmental Psychology’s Major Issues
Prenatal Development and the Newborn
Module 14, Infancy and Childhood
Thinking Critically About: Parenting Styles
Module 15, Adolescence
Module 16, Adulthood
Sensation and Perception
Module 17, Basic Concepts of Sensation and Perception
Processing Sensation and Perception
Thinking Critically About: Subliminal Sensation and Subliminal Persuasion
Motivation and Emotion
Module 18, Vision: Sensory and Perceptual Processing
Light Energy and Eye Structures
Information Processing in the Eye and Brain
Module 19, The Nonvisual Senses
The Other Senses
Module 20, Basic Learning Concepts and Classical Conditioning
How Do We Learn?
Module 21, Operant Conditioning
Contrasting Classical and Operant Conditioning
Module 22, Biology, Cognition, and Learning
Biological Constraints on Conditioning
Cognition’s Influence on Conditioning
Learning by Observation
Thinking Critically About: The Effects of Viewing Media Violence
Module 23, Studying and Encoding Memories
Module 24, Storing and Retrieving Memories
Module 25, Forgetting, Memory Construction, and Improving Memory
Memory Construction Errors
Thinking Critically About: Can Memories of Childhood Sexual Abuse Be Repressed and Then Recovered?
Thinking and Language
Module 26, Thinking
Problem Solving: Strategies and Obstacles
Forming Good (and Bad) Decisions and Judgments
Thinking Critically About: The Fear Factor
Do Other Species Share Our Cognitive Skills?
Module 27, Language and Thought
The Brain and Language
Do Other Species Have Language?
Thinking and Language
Module 28, What Is Intelligence?
Is Intelligence One General Ability?
Theories of Multiple Intelligences
Module 29 Assessing Intelligence
Early and Modern Tests of Mental Abilities
Principles of Test Construction
Module 30, The Dynamics of Intelligence
Stability or Change?
Thinking Critically About: Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Studies
Extremes of Intelligence
Module 31, Genetic and Environmental Influences on Intelligence
Twin and Adoption Studies
Group Differences in Intelligence Test Scores
What Drives Us: Hunger, Sex, Friendship, and Achievement
Module 32, Basic Motivational Concepts
Instincts and Evolutionary Theory
Drives and Incentives
A Hierarchy of Motives
Module 33, Hunger
The Physiology of Hunger
The Psychology of Hunger
Obesity and Weight Control
Thinking Critically About: The Challenges of Weight Control [NEW]
Module 34, Sexual Motivation
The Physiology of Sex
The Psychology of Sex
Social Influences on Human Sexuality
Module 35, Affiliation and Achievement
The Need to Belong
Emotions, Stress, and Health
Module 36, Introduction to Emotion
Emotion: Arousal, Behavior, and Cognition
Thinking Critically About: Lie Detection
Module 37, Expressing Emotion
Detecting Emotion in Others
Gender, Emotion, and Nonverbal Behavior
Culture and Emotional Expression
The Effects of Facial Expressions
Module 38, Experiencing Emotion
Module 39, Stress and Illness
Stress: Some Basic Concepts
Stress and Vulnerability to Disease
Thinking Critically About: Stress and Health
Module 40, Health and Coping
Coping With Stress
Module 41, Social Thinking
The Fundamental Attribution Error
Attitudes and Actions
Module 42, Social Influence
Conformity: Complying With Social Pressures
Obedience: Following Orders
Thinking Critically About: The Internet as Social Amplifier
Module 43, Antisocial Relations
Module 44, Prosocial Relations
Module 45, Introduction to Personality and Psychodynamic Theories
What Is Personality?
Module 46, Humanistic Theories and Trait Theories
Thinking Critically About: The Stigma of Introversion
Module 47, Social-Cognitive Theories and the Self
Exploring the Self
Module 48, Introduction to Psychological Disorders
Defining Psychological Disorders
Understanding Psychological Disorders
Classifying Disorders—and Labeling People
Thinking Critically About: ADHD—Normal High Energy or Disordered Behavior?
Does Disorder Equal Danger?
Rates of Psychological Disorders
Module 49, Anxiety Disorders, OCD, and PTSD
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Understanding Anxiety Disorders, OCD, and PTSD
Module 50, Depressive Disorders and Bipolar Disorder
Major Depressive Disorder
Understanding Depressive Disorders and Bipolar Disorder
Module 51, Schizophrenia
Symptoms of Schizophrenia
Onset and Development of Schizophrenia
Module 52, Dissociative, Personality, and Eating Disorders
Module 53, Introduction to Therapy and the Psychological Therapies
Treating Psychological Disorders
Psychoanalysis and Psychodynamic Therapies
Group and Family Therapies
Module 54 Evaluating Psychotherapies
Is Psychotherapy Effective?
Which Psychotherapies Work Best?
Evaluating Alternative Therapies
How Do Psychotherapies Help People?
Culture and Values in Psychotherapy
Finding a Mental Health Professional
Module 55, Biomedical Therapies and Preventing Psychological Disorders
Thinking Critically About: Therapeutic Lifestyle Change
Preventing Psychological Disorders and Building Resilience
Appendix A Psychology at Work
Appendix B Career Fields in Psychology, by Jennifer Zwolinski
Appendix C Complete Module Reviews
Appendix D Answers to Master the Material Questions