Experiencing the Thirty Years War
First EditionHans Medick; Benjamin Marschke©2013
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With important insights into the roiling religious and political landscape from which the Thirty Years War emerged, Experiencing the Thirty Years War depicts the war through the experiences of those who lived it. With a thoughtful examination of the war's stages and enduring significance the text shares an unprecedented collection of personal accounts related to the experience of early modern warfare.
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Table of Contents
Foreword Preface List of Maps and Illustrations A Note About the Texts and Translations PART ONE. INTRODUCTION: THE THIRTY YEARS WAR IN EXPERIENCE AND MEMORY The Causes of the Thirty Years War The Course of the Thirty Years War The Significance of the Thirty Years War PART TWO. THE DOCUMENTS 1. Sense of Crisis, Sense of Time Tensions and Preparations Before the War 1. The Protestant Union, 1608 2. The Catholic League, 1609 1618: Spectacular Action and Ominous Signs 3. Wilhelm, Count von Slavata, The Defenestration of Prague, 1618 4. Hans Heberle, The Comet of 1618 as a Sign of the Times and Bad Omen, 1618 5. The Siege and Capture of Pilsen, and the Comet, 1618 2. A Religious War? Confessional Politics 6. The Religious Peace of Augsburg, 1555 7. The Edict of Restitution, 1629 8. Johann Daniel Friese, A Childhood Memory of the Edict of Restitution 9. Melchior Khlesl, The Edict of Restitution as Seen by a Pragmatic Catholic Hardliner Religious Violence and Confessional Identities 10. Bartholomaus Dietwar, Forced Conversion and Book Burning, 1630, 1631 11. Hans Krafft, The Seizure of the Cathedral in Erfurt by Protestants, 1634 12. Maurus Friesenegger, Desacralization and Its Limits, 1632 13. Liborius Wagner, A Catholic Martyr, 1631 14. The "Nurtingen Blood Bible," 1634 3. Soldiers and Civilians: Confrontations and Relations Friction and Conflict 15. Friedrich Flade, The Military Occupation of Olmutz, 1642-1643 16. Martin Bštzinger, Torture: Swedish Cocktail and Waterboarding, 1640 17. Volkmar Happe, Violence Between Peasants and Soldiers, 1627 18. Peter Hagendorf, Peasant Violence Against Soldiers, and Its Retribution, 1641 19. Augustin GŸntzer, Quartering Soldiers: A Household Under Stress, 1633 20. Christoph Brandis, Gains and Losses: Quartering and Occupation, 1636 Rape and Violence Against Women 21. Christoph Brandis, A Case of Rape, 1636 22. Christian Lehmann, Hounding Civilians, 1638 23. Peter Hagendorf, A Soldier's Various Ways of Dealing with Women, 1634-1641 24. Maria Anna Junius, Fear of Rape, Management of Relations, and Sweet Pacifications, 1632 The Hardships of Separation 25. Margaret, the Mosbachers' Maid, Letter to Her Dearest Brother, 1625 26. Anna Immick from Allendorf, Letter to the Soldier Balthasar Wahs, 1625 27. Barbara Cautzner from Witzenhausen, Letter to Her Dear Husband, 1625 28. Michael Krafft, Letter to Anna N., 1625 4. War Nourishes War: "Contributions," Robbery, and Plunder 29. Johann Georg Maul, The Burden of Contributions on a City and on a Household, 1637 30. Thomas Schmidt, Contribution Arrangement for the City of Wernigerode, 1626 31. Johann Georg Pforr, Paying "Contributions" and Tolerating Jews, 1636-1639 32. A Complaint from Three Jewish Heads of Household, 1624 33. Peter Hagendorf, A Soldier's Fortune. Everyday Life and Surviving the War, 1627-1631 34. Volkmar Happe, Lupus Lupo Lupus, 1639 5. Scourges of War: Plague, Starvation, and Cannibalism 35. Johann Daniel Minck, The Plague as the Scourge of God, 1635 36. William Crowne, War, Plague, Devastation, and Danger: Traveling in Germany During the Thirty Years War, 1636 37. Maurus Frisenegger, Hungry Peasants, Starving Soldiers, 1633-34 38. Michael Lebhardt Plebanus, Report on Cannibalism in Agawang, with Kaspar Zeiller, Response to Plebanus, 1635 6. Battle and Massacre: Experiences of Mass Violence and Death Typical Armed Conflict 39. Asmus Teufel, The Siege and Capture of Munden, 1626 40. Volkmar Happe, An Attack on the City of Sondershausen, 1640 The Sack of Magdeburg 41. Peter Hagendorf, The Siege, Assault, and Destruction of Magdeburg, 1631 42. Johann Daniel Friese, Magdeburg: The Massacre Viewed from Within, 1631 43. Christian II of Anhalt-Bernburg, The Catastrophe of Magdeburg: A Local View, 1631 The Battle of Lutzen 44. Albrecht von Wallenstein, Request for Reinforcements Before the Battle of Lutzen, 1632 45. Albrecht von Wallenstein, A Battle Like No One Had Ever Seen or Heard, 1632 46. Zacharias von Quetz, Retrospective Account of a Participant in the Battle of Lutzen, 1632 7. Celebrity, Media, and Death: The Cases of Gustav Adolph and Wallenstein Gustav Adolph's Death in Battle 47. "Victorious Before Death, in Death, and After Death," 1632 48. The Immortal Gustav Adolph, 1633 49. The Protestant Veneration of Gustav Adolph, as Seen from the Catholic Side, 1633 Wallenstein's Assassination 50. Regular Weekly News, Report of Wallenstein's Death, 1634 51. A Parody of an Epitaph for Wallenstein, 1634 52. Wallenstein's Death as Treacherous Murder, 1634 8. Peace Proclaimed and Peace Perceived The Peace of Prague 53. The Peace of Prague, 1635 54. Volckmar Happe, Skepticism About the Recent Peace of Prague, 1635 55. Johann Georg Pforr, Perceptions of the Peace of Prague, 1635 56. Johann Peter Lotichius, The Relativization of Historical Truths as a Result of the War, 1647 The Peace of Westphalia 57. The Peace of Westphalia, 1648 58. The Messenger Bearing News of Peace, 1648 59. Caspar Preis, Peace, but Not the End of the Consequences of War, 1648-1649 60. Hans Heberle, An Uneasy Peace and Its Aftermath, 1648-1650 61. The Experience of War, Anxiety Regarding the Future, and the Will to Reconstruct, 1647 Appendixes A Chronology of the Thirty Years War Questions for Consideration