First EditionMargaret C. Jacob©2001
In an unusually diverse collection, Margaret Jacob presents the eighteenth-century movement known as the Enlightenment that forever changed the political, religious, and educational landscape of the day. Selections by some of the period’s most important thinkers include pieces by Locke, Rousseau, Mary Wortley Montagu, Denis Diderot, and Moses Mendelssohn. She covers the movement’s lengthy evolution in a comprehensive introduction, which establishes the issues central to understanding the documents and provides important background on the political and social debates of the period. All documents are preceded by headnotes, and the volume includes a chronology, 14 illustrations, a bibliography, and an index.
Table of Contents
ForewordPreface LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS PART ONE Introduction: The Struggle to Create a New Culture Political Origins Scientific and Religious Origins The Public Sphere Enlightened Feminism Reworking Seventeenth-Century Formal Philosophy A Clandestine Universe A Protestant Odyssey Travel Literature Anglophilia Mid-Century Crisis Rousseau The International Republican Conversation, 1775–1800 Slavery, Imperialism, and the French Revolution The Legacy of the Enlightenment A Note about the Text PART TWO The Documents 1. John Locke, Some Thoughts concerning Education, 1693 2. Treatise of the Three Impostors, 1719 3. Voltaire, Letters concerning the English Nation, 1733 4. Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, Letters, 1716–1718 5. Denis Diderot, Encyclopedia, 1751 6. Denis Diderot, Supplement to Bougainville’s VOYAGE, 1772 7. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, The Social Contract, 1762 8. Immanuel Kant, What Is Enlightenment? 1784 9. Moses Mendelssohn, Jerusalem: Or on Religious Power and Judaism, 1783 APPENDIXES An Enlightenment Chronology (1685–1800) Selected Bibliography Index