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Elements of Argument
Eleventh EditionAnnette T. Rottenberg; Donna Haisty Winchell©2015
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Elements of Argument teaches students how to approach, develop, and defend arguments one element at a time. This comprehensive, accessible text carefully scaffolds argument for students, explaining approaches to argumentation, (including Aristotelian, Toulmin, and Rogerian models as well as Stasis Theory questions), critical reading, and argument analysis. The major components of argumentation—claims, support, assumptions, logic—are explained in depth, and a robust research section shows students how to find, incorporate, and build on existing arguments. This Twelfth Edition has also been updated with more sourced readings than ever before, further reinforcing the importance of research and synthesis. Finally, the anthology includes debates and casebooks on unsettled current issues as well as timeless, classic arguments, making Elements of Argument a comprehensive resource for the argument classroom.
Elements of Argument is available with LaunchPad Solo for Readers and Writers. By combining formative and summative assessments with opportunities to study, practice, and review specific skills, LaunchPad Solo for Readers and Writers provides instructors with a quick and flexible solution for targeting instruction on critical reading, the writing process, grammar, mechanics, style, and punctuation based on students’ unique needs. Students will gain confidence by working through sequenced units that guide them from concept to mastery. At home or in class, students learn at their own pace, with instruction tailored to individual learners. To order Elements of Argument with LaunchPad Solo for Readers and Writers, use ISBN 0000000000000.
Table of Contents
Chapter1. Approaches to Argument
What Is Argument?Aristotelian RhetoricReading Argument*In Gun Control Debate, Logic Goes Out the Window, Richard J. Davis*A Person Is the Best Thing to Happen to a Shelter Pet (advertisement), The Shelter Pet Project*I am Adam Lanza's Mother, Liza LongRogerian ArgumentReading Argument*Katie Couric and the Celebrity Medicine Syndrome, Julia Belluz and Steven J. Hoffman*The "Unnatural" Ashley Treatment Can Be Right for Profoundly Disabled Children, Peter SingerThe Toulmin ModelReading Argument*In Health, We're Not No. 1, Robert J. Samuelson*Latest 3-D Films Add Dimension, Not Appeal, Jonathan WinchellAssignments for Understanding Approaches to Argument
Chapter 2. Examining Written ArgumentsPrereadingReading ArgumentOn Pins and Needles Defending Artistic Expression, Carol Rose*I Belong Here, Amin AhmadReading for Content and StructureReading Argument*A Tale of Two Airlines, Christopher Elliott*Gun Debate: Where is the Middle Ground?, Mallory SimonThe Gay Option, Stephanie FairyingtonEvaluationReading Argument*The Internet Is a Surveillance State, Bruce Schneier*Giving Up Our Privacy: Is It Worth It? (student essay), Whitney CramerAssignments for Examining Written Arguments
Chapter 3. Examining Multimodal ArgumentsVisual RhetoricReading ArgumentLooting (photograph), Dave MartinFinding (photograph), Chris GaythenMilvertha Hendricks (photograph), Eric GayAt the Time of the Louisville Flood (photograph), Margaret Bourke-WhiteEdgar Hollingsworth Rescued (photograph), Bruce Chambers*Texting and Driving (photograph), Michael Krasowitz*Stop Climate Change Before It Changes You (advertisement), World Wildlife Fund*Takeout Can Eat Up Your Savings (advertisement), American Institute of CPAs *Obamacare EMT (cartoon), Martin Kozlowski*Did You Feel That? (cartoon), Pat Bagley*Tobacco's Shifting Burden (infographic), theworld.org*Where Your Gas Money Goes (infographic), Union of Concerned ScientistsAudiovisual RhetoricReading Argument*Let's Go Places (advertisement), Toyota*[epage] Neon Signs (Buzzed Driving) (video), National Highway Traffic Safety Administration*Inaugural Address, January 20, 1961 (transcript), John F. Kennedy*[epage] Democratic National Convention Speech (video), Elizabeth Warren*Coverage of Obama's Announcement in Support of Gay Marriage, CNN Correspondents Online Environments Reading Argument*"Peaceful" Act of Compassion, William Wharton*Valedictorian Prays but Should Christians Rejoice?, Alan Noble*[epage] Global Warming Continues with No Slow Down (blog post), Jeff Masters*[epage] Montessori Madness (visual lecture), Trevor Eissler*makehellcool.com (website), fastrackAssignments for Examining Multimodal Arguments
Chapter 4. Responding to ArgumentsReading Argument*Gun Heart (photograph), Anonymous*Killing with Kindness (student essay), Karina NamayeWriting the ClaimPlanning the StructureUsing Sentence Forms to Write about ArgumentsProviding SupportDocumenting Your SourcesAvoiding PlagiarismReading Argument*Internet Gambling Is Anything but Pretty, Sadhbh Walshe*An Analysis of Sadbhb Walshe’s Commentary on Online Gambling (student essay), Carson Kennedy*The Snitch in Your Pocket, Michael Isikoff*Misuse of Cell-Phone Tracking (student essay), Ray Chong*How Our Technology Is Used Against Us (student essay), DeRon Williamson*Social Media: Establishing Criteria for Law Enforcement Use, Robert D. Stuart*The Facebook Effect (infographic), Rachel SwabyAssignments for Responding to Arguments
PART TWO: ANALYZING THE ELEMENTSChapter 5. Claims: Making a StatementClaims of FactReading Argument*Loaded Language Poisons Gun Debate, Josh Levs*Paper Because (advertisement), Domtar PaperClaims of ValueReading Argument*Morning-After Pill a Boon for Women, Deborah Nucatola*Spike Jonze's Her Shows Love's Perils — In Any Form, Kenneth TuranClaims of PolicyReading ArgumentCollege Life versus My Moral Code, Elisha Dov Hack*Toxic Beauty, Kiara VenturaAssignments for Claims: Making a Statement
Chapter 6. Support: Backing Up a ClaimEvidenceReading Argument*Are Sports Fans Happier?, Sid KirchheimerSafer? Tastier? More Nutritious? The Dubious Merits of Organic Foods, Kristen Weinacker*I'm Sorry, Steve Jobs: We Could Have Saved You, Siddhartha MukherjeeAppeals to Needs and ValuesReading Argument*Building Baby from the Genes Up, Ronald M. Green*The Baseball Man's Cigarette (advertisement), Chesterfield Cigarettes*Marketing to "Tweens" Objectifies Women, Jeremy MarkelAssignments for Support: Backing Up a Claim
Chapter 7. Warrants: Examining AssumptionsGeneral PrinciplesWidely Held AssumptionsReading Argument*The Power of a Father's Love Overturns His Beliefs, Scott Simon Recognizing and Analyzing WarrantsReading Argument*Don't Stop Frisking, Terry EastlandReading ArgumentThe Case for Torture, Michael LevinAn Unjust Sacrifice, Robert A. Sirico*The American Middle Class: Endangered Species (photograph), HRC WENN Photos/Newscom Assignments for Warrants: Examining Assumptions
PART THREE: USING THE ELEMENTSChapter 8. Definition: Clarifying Key TermsThe Purposes of DefinitionReading Argument*GOP Fear of Common Core Education Standards Unfounded, Michael GersonStop Calling Quake Victims Looters, Guy-Uriel CharlesDefining the Terms in Your ArgumentWriting Extended DefinitionsReading ArgumentThe Definition of Terrorism, Brian Whitaker*Conscientious Objection in Medicine: A Moral Dilemma, Ishmeal BradleyAssignments for Definition: Clarifying Key Terms
Chapter 9. Language: Using Words with CareThe Power of WordsReading Argument*Consumer Confidence (advertisement), StihlAddress to Congress, December 8, 1941, Franklin D. RooseveltConnotationReading Argument*Why Keep Athletes Eligible but Uneducated?, Frank Deford*Dispatches from a Police State: Animal Rights in the Crosshairs of State Repression, Steven BestSlantingFigurative LanguageReading Argument*Excerpt from "The 'Evil Empire' Speech" (speech excerpt), Ronald ReaganConcrete and Abstract LanguageShort CutsReading ArgumentFood for Thought (and for Credit), Jennifer Grossman*Flood the Zone, John Podhoretz*USC Course Evaluations Need New Strategy, Whitney SmithAssignments for Language: Using Words with Care
Chapter 10. Logic: Understanding ReasoningInductionReading Argument*Will Big Business Save the Earth?, Jared DiamondDeductionReading ArgumentIt's All about Him, David von Drehle*Remarks at the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation Women and the Economy Summit, Hillary ClintonCommon FallaciesReading Argument*Drivers Get Rolled, Christopher CaldwellOn Nation and Race, Adolf HitlerAssignments for Logic: Understanding Reasoning
PART FOUR: RESEARCHING AND CRAFTING ARGUMENTSChapter 11. Planning and Research Finding an Appropriate TopicInitiating ResearchFinding SourcesEvaluating SourcesReading Argument*Child Nutrition Programs (Web site), United States Department of AgricultureTaking NotesReading Argument*Childhood Obesity: The Challenge, The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
Chapter 12. Drafting, Revising, and Presenting Arguments Reviewing Your Research Organizing the MaterialWritingRevisingOral ArgumentsReading Argument*Remarks to Georgetown University’s Public Policy Institute, Kathleen Sebelius
Chapter 13. Documenting Sources MLA In-Text CitationsMLA Works Cited EntriesMLA-Style Annotated BibliographyMLA Paper FormatMLA-Style Sample Research PaperCompetitive Foods and the Obesity Epidemic (student essay), Kathleen HeddenAPA In-Text CitationsAPA List of ReferencesAPA-Style Sample Research PaperThe Controversy over Women in Combat (student essay), Angela Mathers
PART FIVE: DEBATING THE ISSUESChapter 14. What's in a Word?: Should We All Pledge to End Derogatory Use of the Word "Retard"?A Movie, a Word, and My Family's Battle, Patricia E. BauerThe Case Against Banning the Word "Retard," Christopher M. FairmanDiscussion Questions
Chapter 15. Social Responsibility: Do Businesses Have an Obligation to Society?Putting Customers Ahead of Investors, John MackeyPut Profits First, T. J. RodgersDiscussion Questions
Chapter 16. Science and Morality: Should Human Stem Cells Be Used for Research?*Embryonic Stem Cell Research: A Moral Evil or Obligation?, Beau Watts*I’m Pro-Life and I Oppose Embryonic Stem Cell Research, J.C. WillkeDiscussion Questions
Chapter 17. Gender Stereotypes: Is the "Princess" Phenomenon Detrimental to Girls’ Self-Image?*Girls on Film: The Real Problem with the Disney Princess Brand, Monika Bartyzel*In Defense of Princess Culture, Crystal LiechtyDiscussion Questions
Chapter 18. Economics and College Sports: Should College Athletes Be Paid?*Athlete's New Day, Paul Marx*College Athletes Should Not Be Paid, Warren HartenstineDiscussion Questions
PART SIX: MULTIPLE VIEWPOINTSChapter 19. Social Networking: What Are the Consequences of Becoming an Online Society?*Social Networking and the Death of the Internet, Alfredo Lopez*Social Media: The Rock Star of Online Marketing (infographic), Zephoria*We Post Nothing About Our Daughter Online, Amy WebbOnline Lives, Offline Consequences: Professionalism, Information Ethics, and Professional Students, Isaac Gilman*Watch That Tweet! Monitoring of Student Athletes' Social Media: John G. BrowningThinking and Writing about the Consequences of Social Networking
Chapter 20. Violence on Campus: How Far Will We Go to Keep Our Schools Safe? *Totally Safe Schools (cartoon), Pat Bagley*Arming Teachers: A Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Idea, M. D. Anderson*Teachers Packing Heat, Baltimore Sun*Mental Health Services a Defense against School Violence, Robert Ross *Overusing the Bully Label, Susan Eva PorterThinking and Writing about School Violence
Chapter 21. Food Matters: How Do Politics and the Economy Affect What We Eat?Food Fight, Michael PollanThe Rich Get Richer, the Poor Go Hungry, Sharon Astyk and Aaron Newton*The Employer-Friendly Case for Pricier Big Macs, Diane Brady*Can’t Survive on $7.25 (infographic), Fast Food Forward *Can the Food Industry Kick Its Cheap Labor Habit?, Twilight GreenawayThe Fight Over Food Deserts: Corporate America Smacks Its Way Down, Eric Holt-GiménezThinking and Writing about the Political and Economical Costs of Food
Chapter 22. Competitive Sports: What Risks Should Athletes Be Allowed to Take?*For Children in Sports, a Breaking Point, Jane E. Brody*Why Parents Should Let Their Kids Play Dangerous Sports, Jeb Golinkin*It's Time to Quit Ignoring Sports Head Trauma's Very Real Dangers, Kent Sepkowitz*Bring Truth into Play by Saying Yes to Drugs in Sport, Craig Fry*Performance Enhancing Drugs (cartoon), Jimmy Margulies*No on Sickle Cell Trait Testing, Mark Peluso and Paul Berkner*The NFL Concussion Crisis and the Doctor-Patient Relationship, Andrew M. BlecherThinking and Writing about the Dangers of Competitive Sports
Chapter 23. Freedom of Speech: Are Limitations on Our Rights Ever Justified?*Social Media Dark Side (cartoon), Mike Keefe*The Case for Censoring Hate Speech on the Internet, Sean McElwee*Why Twitter Is Doing the Right Thing by Refusing to Identify Users Who Posted Anti-Semitic Comments, Matthew Ingram*140 Characters Spell Charges and Jail, Robbie Brown*In San Diego's BofA Case, Chalk One Up for the Jury System, Patt MorrisonThinking and Writing about the Limits on Freedom of Speech
Chapter 24: Advancements in Medicine: What Are the Ethical Costs of Modern Health? *Pro-Life Health Professionals in Conflict between Conscience and Career, Eric Schulzke*Looking to Start a Family? You'll Pass on More Than Your Freckles. (Web site), 23andMe*Blurring the Lines, Los Angeles Times Editorial Board*Paying Patients for Their Tissue: The Legacy of Henrietta Lacks, Robert D. Truog, Aaron S. Kesselheim, and Steven JoffeThinking and Writing about the Ethical Costs of Medicine
PART SEVEN: CLASSIC ARGUMENTSA Modest Proposal, Jonathan Swift*The Declaration of Independence, Thomas JeffersonCivil Disobedience, Henry David Thoreau*Ain't I a Woman?, Sojourner Truth*The Obligation to Endure, Rachel CarsonGLOSSARY
INDEX OF SUBJECTS
INDEX OF AUTHORS AND TITLES