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Contemporary & Classic Arguments
Second EditionSylvan Barnet; Hugo Bedau©2014
Table of Contents
Preface*PART ONE: ANALYZING AND WRITING ARGUMENTS*1 ANALYZING ARGUMENTS What Is Argument? Analyzing an Argument Examining the Author’s Thesis Examining the Author’s Purpose Examining the Author’s Methods Examining the Author’s Persona, Examining Persona and Intended Audience,A Checklist for Analyzing an Author’s AudienceA Checklist for Analyzing a TextAn Argument, Its Elements, and a Student’s Analysis of the Argument *Nicholas D. Kristof, For Environmental Balance, Pick Up a Rifle *Betsy Swinton (student essay) , Tracking KristofAn Analysis of the Student’s AnalysisA Checklist for Writing an Argument*2 WRITING ARGUMENTS Planning, Drafting, and Revising an ArgumentGetting Ideas: Argument as an Instrument of Inquiry The Thesis, or Main Point A Checklist for a Thesis StatementImagining an AudienceThe Audience as Collaborator A Checklist for Imagining an AudienceThe Title The Opening ParagraphsOrganizing and Revising the Body of the EssayThe Ending Two Uses of an OutlineA Checklist for Organizing an ArgumentTone and the Writer’s PersonaWe, One, or I? Avoiding Sexist LanguageA Checklist for Attending to the Needs of the AudienceA Peer Review Checklist for a Draft of an ArgumentPART TWO: CONTEMPORARY ARGUMENTS*3 CONTEMPORARY ARGUMENTS*Mark Bittman, Bad Food? Tax It, and Subsidize Vegetables*Harlan Coben The Undercover Parent*Alfred Edmond Jr., Why Asking For a Job Applicant’s Facebook Password Is Fair Game*Nora Ephron, The Boston Photographs*Gerard Jones, Violent Media Is Good for Kids*Charles R. Lawrence III, On Racist Speech *Jena McGregor, Military Women in Combat: Why Making It Official Matters*James E. McWilliams, The Locavore Myth: Why Buying from Nearby Farmers Won’t Save the Planet*Ronald Takaki, The Harmful Myth of Asian Superiority *Sherry Turkle, The Flight From Conversation*George F. Will, Being Green at Ben and Jerry’s *James Q. Wilson, Just Take Away Their Guns PART THREE: CASEBOOKS ON CONTEMPORARY ISSUES*4 College Education: What Is Its Purpose?*Andrew Delbanco, Three Reasons College Still Matter*Alina Tugend, Vocation or Exploration? Pondering the Purpose of College*Mark Edmundson, Education’s Hungry Hearts*Marty Nemko, America’s Most Overrated Product: The Bachelor’s Degree5 The Death Penalty: Is It Ever Justified? Edward I. Koch, Death and Justice: How Capital Punishment Affirms Life David Bruck, The Death Penalty Helen Prejean, Executions Are Too Costly—Morally 6 Drugs: Should Their Sale and Use Be Legalized? William Bennett, Drug Policy and the Intellectuals Milton Friedman, There’s No Justice in the War on Drugs Elliott Currie, Toward a Policy on Drugs *7 Facebook: How Has Social Networking Changed How We Relate to Others?*Lauren Tarshis, Is Facebook Making You Mean?*Steven Levy, Facebook Reset*Jenna Wortham, It’s Not About You, Facebook. It’s About Us*Josh Rose, How Social Media Is Having a Positive Impact On Our Culture*8 Genetic Modification of Human Beings: Is It Acceptable?*Ronald M. Green, Building Babies from the Genes Up*Richard Hayes, Genetically Modified Humans? No Thanks*9 Immigration: What Is To Be Done? *David Cole, Five Myths about Immigration *Barry R. Chiswick, The Worker Next Door*John Tierney, Angels in America*Victor David Hanson, Our Brave New World of Immigration*10 Service: Should the United States Require Young People to Perform Public Service? *Peter Levine, The Case for "Service"*Thomas E. Ricks, Let’s Draft Our Kids *Dave Eggers, Serve or Fail*11 Student Loans: Should Some Indebtedness Be Forgiven?*Robert Applebaum, Debate on Student Loan Debt Doesn’t Go Far Enough*Kayla Webley, Is Forgiving Student Loan Debt a Good Idea?*Justin Wolfer, Forgive Student Loans? Worst Idea EverPART FOUR: CLASSIC ARGUMENTS12 CLASSIC ARGUMENTSPlato, Crito Plato, The Myth of the CaveJonathan Swift, A Modest Proposal Thomas Jefferson, The Declaration of Independence Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions George Orwell, Shooting an ElephantVirginia Woolf, Professions for WomenMartin Luther King, Jr., I Have a Dream Martin Luther King, Jr., Letter from Birmingham Jail Judy Brady, I Want a Wife Peter Singer, Animal Liberation Garrett Hardin, Lifeboat Ethics: The Case Against Helping the Poor Index